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var,let,const difference

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This tutorial will teach you the main difference between var,let,const step by step.

var let const difference

1.var is global scope.

2. let is block scope.

3.const is block scope.

variable declaration

var mytest1 = 12;
let mytest2 = "javascript";
const mytest3 = 2000;

let we discuss about each

var

var is global scope.

var mytest = 12;
console.log(mytest);

Output

12

i created the variable name mytest assign 12. you can see the output.

console.log(mytest);
var mytest = 12;
var mytest = 120;
var mytest = 12000;
var mytest = 0;
console.log(mytest);

Output

undefined
0

above example i printed console.log(mytest); at the first time. no value assign thats way output display as undefined. same mytest name you can assign more than one value but when you print it out  last declared value 0 as been printed. so that output displayed as 0.

console.log(mytests);

if(1000 > 500)
{
    var mytests = 509;
   
}
console.log(mytests);

Output

undefined
509

above example console.log(mytests); at the first time. no value assign thats way output display as undefined.
after that if the particular condition correct only print the value 509. 1000 is grater than 500 condition is corrent then print it out 509.

let

let is block scope.

let mytestvar = 120;
console.log(mytestvar);

Output

120

console.log(mytestvar);
let mytestvar = 120;
console.log(mytestvar);

Error

ReferenceError: Cannot access ‘mytestvar’ before initialization

you cannot call console.log(mytestvar); at the firstline you get the error.

let mytest = 12;
let mytest = 120;
let mytest = 12000;
let mytest = 0;
console.log(mytest);

Error

SyntaxError: Identifier ‘mytest’ has already been declared

Same name you cannot use again by again.

let myTestlett = 0; // you must create the variable first at the firstline then only works.

if(1000 > 10)
{
     mytestlet = 7000;
}
console.log(mytestlet);

you must create the variable first at the firstline then only works because let is a block scope

Output as

7000

const

const mytest = 12;

console.log(mytest);

Output

12

const mytest = 12;
const mytest = 120;
const mytest = 12000;
const mytest = 0;
console.log(mytest);

Error

SyntaxError: Identifier ‘mytest’ has already been declared.

Same name you cannot use again by again.

const mytest = 200;

mytest = 1200;

console.log(mytest);

Error

TypeError: Assignment to constant variable.

when we create a const variable value we can assign once cannot assign again
const myestarray = {name : "Tutusfunny", age: 300};

console.log(myestarray.name);


const myestarray1 = {name : "Tutusfunny", age: 300};
myestarray.name = "Tutusfunny123";

console.log(myestarray1.name);

const myestarray2 = [12,20,50];
myestarray2[0] = 60;

console.log(myestarray2);

Output

Tutusfunny
Tutusfunny
[ 60, 20, 50 ]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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