Home Asp.net MVC React with Asp.Net Core Full Stack

React with Asp.Net Core Full Stack

11 min read
0
0
7,443

This tutorial will teach you how to make Crud Application using Asp.net Core Entity Framework with React  Frontend application and Sqlserver Database using Api access Crudapplication.this tutorial explains the Code First approach.

Install the required Dependencies

Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer
Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools
Newtonsoft.Json

First Step Select the Model Folder Right Click and Create the Class Student.cs

Student.cs

[Key]
public int id { get; set; }
public string stname { get; set; }
public string course { get; set;

StudentDbContext

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

namespace ReactAspCrud.Models
{
    public class StudentDbContext : DbContext
    {
        public StudentDbContext(DbContextOptions<StudentDbContext> options) : base(options)
        {
        }
        public DbSet<Student> Student { get;set; }

        protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder optionsBuilder)
        {
            optionsBuilder.UseSqlServer("Data Source=.; Initial Catalog=lbs; User Id=sa; password=123; TrustServerCertificate= True");
        }
    }
}

Program.cs

Add these Context inside the Program.cs  file

Establish the Database Connection

builder.Services.AddDbContext<StudentDbContext>(options =>
options.UseSqlServer(builder.Configuration.GetConnectionString(“StudentDbContext”)));

Connect the WebApi for Allow the Permissions

app.UseCors(policy => policy.AllowAnyHeader()
.AllowAnyMethod()
.SetIsOriginAllowed(origin => true)
.AllowCredentials());

I attached the full code of Program.cs file where you going paste the above code.

using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using ReactAspCrud.Models;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// Add services to the container.

builder.Services.AddControllers();
// Learn more about configuring Swagger/OpenAPI at https://aka.ms/aspnetcore/swashbuckle
builder.Services.AddEndpointsApiExplorer();
builder.Services.AddSwaggerGen();

builder.Services.AddDbContext<StudentDbContext>(options =>
   options.UseSqlServer(builder.Configuration.GetConnectionString("StudentDbContext")));

var app = builder.Build();
app.UseCors(policy => policy.AllowAnyHeader()
                            .AllowAnyMethod()
                            .SetIsOriginAllowed(origin => true)
                            .AllowCredentials());

// Configure the HTTP request pipeline.
if (app.Environment.IsDevelopment())
{
    app.UseSwagger();
    app.UseSwaggerUI();
}
app.UseHttpsRedirection();
app.UseAuthorization();
app.MapControllers();
app.Run();

After that Go to Tools->NuGet Package Manager->Package Manager Console

then you can get the console . you have add-migration initial

PM>add-migration initial

then migration files has been created.

after that you have run the command as

update-database

now your database has been created you just open the sqlserver and check them database has created or not at the same time migration folder has been created in your project you can see that.

After that Select the Controller Folder Create the new Controller as Student Controller with Web Api

Student Controller

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Http;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using ReactAspCrud.Models;

namespace ReactAspCrud.Controllers
{
    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class StudentController : ControllerBase
    {
        private readonly StudentDbContext _studentDbContext;

        public StudentController(StudentDbContext studentDbContext)
        {
            _studentDbContext = studentDbContext;
        }

        [HttpGet]
        [Route("GetStudent")]
        public async Task<IEnumerable<Student>> GetStudents()
        {
            return await _studentDbContext.Student.ToListAsync();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        [Route("AddStudent")]
        public async Task<Student> AddStudent(Student objStudent)
        {
            _studentDbContext.Student.Add(objStudent);
            await _studentDbContext.SaveChangesAsync();
            return objStudent;
        }

        [HttpPatch]
        [Route("UpdateStudent/{id}")]
        public async Task<Student> UpdateStudent(Student objStudent)
        {
            _studentDbContext.Entry(objStudent).State= EntityState.Modified;
            await _studentDbContext.SaveChangesAsync();
            return objStudent;
        }

        [HttpDelete]
        [Route("DeleteStudent/{id}")]
        public bool DeleteStudent(int id) 
        {
            bool a = false;
            var student = _studentDbContext.Student.Find(id);
            if (student != null)
            {
                a = true;
                _studentDbContext.Entry(student).State= EntityState.Deleted;
                _studentDbContext.SaveChanges();
            }
            else
            {
                a = false;
            }
            return a;

        }

    }

}

After that you can check through the swagger.

Lets Connect with Front-End Application React

React

Installing React

npx create-react-app aspcrud-frontend

After complete the installation and run the project using following command.

npm start run

Now you see the React Welcome Page.
After that open the React project into VS code editor.

After that install the Bootstrap by typing the following command

npm i bootstrap

After that install the axios by typing the following command

npm i axios

Creating a new Component StudentCrud.js

StudentCrud.js

import axios from "axios";
import { useEffect, useState } from "react";

function StudentCrud() {

const [id, setId] = useState("");
const [stname, setName] = useState("");
const [course, setCourse] = useState("");
const [students, setUsers] = useState([]);
 
  useEffect(() => {
    (async () => await Load())();
  }, []);
 
  async function Load() {
    
    const result = await axios.get("https://localhost:7195/api/Student/GetStudent");
    setUsers(result.data);
    console.log(result.data);
  }
 
  async function save(event) {
   
    event.preventDefault();
    try {
      await axios.post("https://localhost:7195/api/Student/AddStudent", {
        
        stname: stname,
        course: course,
       
      });
      alert("Student Registation Successfully");
          setId("");
          setName("");
          setCourse("");
       
     
      Load();
    } catch (err) {
      alert(err);
    }
  }

  async function editStudent(students) {
    setName(students.stname);
    setCourse(students.course);
   
 
    setId(students.id);
  }
 

  async function DeleteStudent(id) {
  await axios.delete("https://localhost:7195/api/Student/DeleteStudent/" + id);
   alert("Employee deleted Successfully");
   setId("");
   setName("");
   setCourse("");
   Load();
  }
 

  async function update(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    try {

  await axios.patch("https://localhost:7195/api/Student/UpdateStudent/"+ students.find((u) => u.id === id).id || id,
        {
        id: id,
        stname: stname,
        course: course,

        }
      );
      alert("Registation Updateddddd");
      setId("");
      setName("");
      setCourse("");
     
      Load();
    } catch (err) {
      alert(err);
    }
  }

    return (
      <div>
        <h1>Student Details</h1>
      <div class="container mt-4">
        <form>
          <div class="form-group">
           
            <input
              type="text"
              class="form-control"
              id="id"
              hidden
              value={id}
              onChange={(event) => {
                setId(event.target.value);
              }}
            />

            <label>Student Name</label>
            <input
              type="text"
              class="form-control"
              id="stname"
              value={stname}
              onChange={(event) => {
                setName(event.target.value);
              }}
            />
          </div>
          <div class="form-group">
            <label>Course</label>
            <input
              type="text"
              class="form-control"
              id="course"
              value={course}
              onChange={(event) => {
                setCourse(event.target.value);
              }}
            />
          </div>
          <div>
            <button class="btn btn-primary mt-4" onClick={save}>
              Register
            </button>
            <button class="btn btn-warning mt-4" onClick={update}>
              Update
            </button>
          </div>
        </form>
      </div>
      <br></br>

      <table class="table table-dark" align="center">
        <thead>
          <tr>
            <th scope="col">Student Id</th>
            <th scope="col">Student Name</th>
            <th scope="col">Course</th>
         
 
            <th scope="col">Option</th>
          </tr>
        </thead>
        {students.map(function fn(student) {
          return (
            <tbody>
              <tr>
                <th scope="row">{student.id} </th>
                <td>{student.stname}</td>
                <td>{student.course}</td>
                
                <td>
                  <button
                    type="button"
                    class="btn btn-warning"
                    onClick={() => editStudent(student)}
                  >
                    Edit
                  </button>
                  <button
                    type="button"
                    class="btn btn-danger"
                    onClick={() => DeleteStudent(student.id)}
                  >
                    Delete
                  </button>
                </td>
              </tr>
            </tbody>
          );
        })}
      </table>
        
      </div>
    );
  }
  
  export default StudentCrud;

i have attached the video link below. which will do this tutorials step by step.

 

    Load More Related Articles
    Load More By admin
    Load More In Asp.net MVC

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Check Also

    Build Crud App with Laravel 11 and Vue.js

    In this tutorial will teach Vue Laravel 10 CRUD using Vite step by step. Laravel  10 CRUD …